KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 31 — Malaysians could shortly be equipped to use on line procedures to admit their guilt for visitors offences and targeted visitors summons in court situations and to shell out the fines digitally for this sort of conditions under the Malaysian judiciary’s options for 2021, the main justice stated right now.
Tun Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat pointed out that much more than just one million court conditions involving traffic offences ended up registered in Malaysia in 2019, and that a similarly higher quantity of at least 800,000 this sort of court docket instances ended up recorded this yr.
She claimed a large bulk of the court docket conditions in the Justice of the peace Courts are road site visitors instances, where most of them finish up with the accused particular person pleading responsible and fines being imposed, which suggests that these circumstances do not need judicial perform as challenging as other major criminal conditions listened to in the Justice of the peace Courts.
“Regardless, specified their sheer quantity, visitors instances just take up a substantial total of judicial time,” she mentioned.
The selection of targeted traffic instances registered in Magistrate Courts nationwide for 2019 is 1,396,188 scenarios, even though a a bit lessen amount of 882,013 traffic instances in such courts were being recorded amongst January to October 2020, maybe owing to the lockdown measures amid the Covid-19 pandemic, she mentioned.
With such staggering numbers of site visitors situations, Tengku Maimun stated this justifies the simplifying of the approach to dispose of targeted visitors situations by using digital techniques.
“The Judiciary’s strategy for 2021 is to digitalise the having of responsible pleas in targeted visitors instances and to allow for the payment of fines electronically,” she said in her 20-page new calendar year concept.
Tengku Maimun claimed that there is at present an existing mechanism below the Prison Procedure Code’s Segment 137 exactly where the accused person can plead guilty to a summons by way of a letter, with the justice of the peace authorized underneath this regulation to not have to have the accused man or woman to individually attend the court proceedings and to convict him and impose a sentence of fantastic only.
But she mentioned this system of using a letter to plead responsible has rarely been made use of, with the Malaysian judiciary’s statistics not showing any circumstances lately the place the accused has pleaded responsible via a letter.
“To decrease unwanted foot website traffic and to enrich entry to justice and the effectiveness of the Justice of the peace Courts, we propose, in addition to the responsible plea by letter process, to allow for the taking of pleas and to impose the sentence of fines only, via a prescribed digital system,” she stated, including that this on the web process of pleading responsible has been executed in other areas this kind of as Singapore, Australia, England and Wales.
This planned digitalisation of targeted visitors instances is on prime of ongoing and future use of on line programs and digital improvements to strengthen the court approach and expertise in Malaysia.
Tengku Maimun observed that the Malaysian courts have currently executed the e-Jamin procedure which lets the on the web payment of bail, and is now searching into introducing a element to allow an accused individual to pay back a courtroom-imposed fine as a result of e-Jamin.
“This will help you save time and issues for the accused to make payment,” she mentioned of the proposed e-Jamin aspect for electronic high-quality payments.
“We have entirely expanded our e-Courts Finance, which is our on the internet and cashless payment mechanism, through Peninsular Malaysia. For Sabah and Sarawak, the method will be done in the afterwards section of 2021,” she added.
As soon as the electronic procedure to plead guilty is up and managing, the Malaysian judiciary’s up coming venture will be to integrate it with synthetic intelligence (AI) as a guideline for the meting out of sentences in court conditions, she mentioned.
At this time, the use of AI in sentencing for particular common offences are by now in use in the reduced courts in Sabah and Sarawak, with the judiciary planning to do the similar in the courts in Peninsular Malaysia for selected cases and aiming to pair it with the online plea procedure, she claimed.
“This project is in the pipeline for the afterwards aspect of 2021 issue to the regulation regulating digital procedure for guilty pleas, in place,” she explained.
Outside of that, Tengku Maimun mentioned the judiciary is proposing amendments to the law to let for attorneys to produce notices of appeal and data of appeal via online procedures to the courts, in line with its commitments to completely use technological innovation, cut down on expenditure and to be “completely paperless” for the sake of the environment.
The use of engineering would mean that lawyers no extended have to have to have loads of paperwork to court, and would only will need to carry a laptop or an i-Pad, she mentioned.
She observed that the judiciary has also applied the use of QR codes to authenticate court paperwork in purchase to ease above-the-counter transactions.
“The use of QR Codes will aid the clerical employees in verifying the authenticity of courtroom orders by scanning the QR code imprinted on the buy though commonly mitigating the possibility of cons and forgeries of courtroom orders,” she reported.
One more task that the judiciary will embark on in 2021 is the ePesuruhjaya Sumpah, which is a procedure to absolutely digitalise the procedure exactly where just one applies to be a Commissioner for Oaths.
“Applications will be submitted and processed on the web and exams as nicely as selection
interviews will also be executed on the net. The results of the evaluation will be declared within just the identical working day.
“The procedure is predicted to be fully operational by 25 January 2021 and the general public and attorneys might also search for the closest Commissioner for Oaths on the Judiciary’s web site,” she reported as part of the list of electronic innovations by the judiciary.
Also in her new 12 months concept these days, the chief justice outlined out the steps that will be strictly enforced from future year to help you save everyone’s time and make sure a more effective procedure in the Court docket of Attraction and the Federal Court docket.
The total speech of the main justice currently for New Year’s Working day can be study right here on the Malaysian judiciary’s website in both equally Malay and English.
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